What makes a cookie chewy or crunchy?

Butter contributes milk solids and water to a cookie, both of which soften it. Brown sugar contributes molasses – again, a softener. Using lower-moisture sugar (granulated) and fat (vegetable shortening), plus a longer, slower bake than normal, produces light, crunchy cookies.

How do you make chocolate chip cookies from scratch?

Directions
  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Advertisement.
  2. Cream together the butter, white sugar, and brown sugar until smooth. Beat in the eggs one at a time, then stir in the vanilla. Dissolve baking soda in hot water.
  3. Bake for about 10 minutes in the preheated oven, or until edges are nicely browned.

What is the secret to chewy cookies?

A secret baker’s trick is to rest your cookie dough in the fridge. You can rest it for at least an hour, which will evaporate some of the water and increase the sugar content, helping to keep your cookies chewy. The longer you allow your dough to rest in the fridge, the chewier your cookies will be.

What makes cookies flat or fluffy?

Why Are My Cookies Flat? Mistake: When cookies turn out flat, the bad guy is often butter that is too soft or even melted. This makes cookies spread. The other culprit is too little flour—don’t hold back and make sure you master measuring.

Should I use baking soda or baking powder for cookies?

1. Unless you want cakey cookies, avoid using baking powder: The cookies made with both the single- and double-acting baking powders were just too darn cakey. 2. Baking soda helps cookies spread more than baking powder.

Why are my chocolate chip cookies so flat?

Kitchens tend to heat up during any baking extravaganza, which means the butter you leave on the counter to soften might just get too soft. If this happens, the butter will melt faster in the oven and your cookies will flatten before they’ve been able to set.

Why are my cookies raw in the middle?

Reasons cookies are browning too quickly and raw in the middle. Your cookies might be browning too quickly because of: your oven: it might not be preheating to the set temperature and might be going way above that or you are setting your oven to a very high temperature, too high for your cookies.

How do I make my cookies pretty?

“Try to make all the cookies uniform—they bake more evenly and they look much better,” says Lipton. “The easiest way to do this is to use a cookie scoop, essentially a small ice cream scoop.” She recommends using OXO’s Medium Cookie Scoop for the best results.

How do I stop my cookies from spreading so much?

Use a silicone baking mat or parchment paper. Coating your baking sheet with nonstick spray or butter creates an overly greasy foundation, causing the cookies to spread. I always recommend a silicone baking mat because they grip onto the bottom of your cookie dough, preventing the cookies from spreading too much.

Why arent my cookies spreading?

When cookies don’t spread in the oven, it’s either because the dough was too dry or too cold. Dry dough doesn’t have enough moisture or fat in it to spread out, so it sets in that shape. Dough that’s too cold will start to firm up before the butter has a chance to melt completely.